Geometric Ltd.
You can view the entire text of Accounting Policy of the company for the latest year.
ISIN No INE797A01021 52Wk High (Rs.) 0 BV (Rs.) 70.90 FV (Rs.) 2.00
Bookclosure 23/03/2016 52Wk Low (Rs.) 0 EPS (Rs.) 15.75 P/E (X) 16.64
Mkt Cap. (Rs. Cr.) 1,754.05 P/BV (X) 3.70 Div Yield (%) 0.00 Mkt Lot 1

1 Background

Geometric Limited ("the Company") is a public company domiciled in India and incorporated under the provisions of the Companies Act,1956. Headquartered in Mumbai, India, the Company was incorporated in 1994 and is listed on the Bombay Stock Exchange and National Stock Exchange. The Company is a specialist in the domain of engineering solutions, services and technologies. Its portfolio of global engineering services and digital technology solutions for Product Lifecycle Management ("PLM") enables companies to formulate, implement, and execute global engineering and manufacturing strategies aimed at achieving greater efficiencies in the product realization lifecycle.

2 significant accounting policies

a. Basis of preparation:

These financial statements ("financial statements") have been prepared in accordance with the generally accepted accounting principles in India. The Company has prepared these financial statements under the historical cost convention on an accrual basis to comply in all material respects with the Accounting Standards specified under Section 133 of the Companies Act, 2013 ('the Act'), read with Rule 7 of the Companies (Accounts) Rules, 2014 and other relevant provisions of the Act to the extent applicable.

In the opinion of the management, all the adjustments which are necessary for a fair presentation have been included. All assets and liabilities have been classified as current or non-current as per the Company's normal operating cycle and other criteria set out under the Act.

b. use of estimates:

The preparation of the financial statements in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP) in India requires that management makes estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amount of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent liabilities as of the date of financial statements and the reported amounts of revenue and expenses during the reporting period. Management believes that the estimates used in the preparation of financial statements are prudent and reasonable. Examples of such estimates include provisions for doubtful receivables, employee benefits, provision for income taxes, accounting for contract costs expected to be incurred, the useful lives of depreciable fixed assets and provision for impairment. Actual results could differ from these estimates and the difference between the actual result and the estimates are recognized in the period in which the results are known / materialize.

c. Tangible assets and depreciation:

Fixed assets are stated at cost less accumulated depreciation. Cost includes all expenses related to acquisition and installation of the concerned assets and any attributable cost of bringing the asset to the condition of its intended use. Borrowing costs attributable to the acquisition or construction of qualifying assets is also capitalized as part of the cost of the asset. Subsequent expenditure related to an item of fixed asset is added to its book value only if it increases the future benefits from the existing asset beyond its previously assessed standard of performance. All other expenses on existing fixed assets, including day-to-day repair and maintenance expenditure and cost of replacing parts, are charged to the statement of profit and loss for the period during which such expenses are incurred. Gains or losses arising from disposal of fixed assets are measured as the difference between the net disposal proceeds and the carrying amount of the asset and are recognized in the statement of profit and loss when the asset is disposed off.

Depreciation is provided under the straight line method, based on useful lives of assets as estimated by the Management or the useful lives of the assets as prescribed in Schedule II to the Act, whichever is lower. Depreciation is charged on a monthly pro- rata basis for assets purchased or sold during the year

Leasehold land and leasehold improvements are amortized over the lease period.

d. Research and development expenditure:

Expenditure on in-house development of software is charged to the statement of profit and loss in the year in which it is incurred.

e. Intangible assets and amortization:

Software purchased is capitalized as intangible assets and are amortized over its useful life, which is normally three years, if the usage of software is discontinued, its unamortized cost is also charged to the statement of profit and loss.

The cost of software purchased for specific software development contracts is charged over the period of such contracts, or three years, whichever is less.

Software purchased costing less than '5,000 are charged to statement of profit and loss account in the month of purchase.

f. Impairment:

The Management periodically assesses using, external and internal sources, whether there is an indication that an asset may be impaired. An impairment loss is recognized wherever the carrying value of an asset exceeds its recoverable amount. The recoverable amount is higher of the asset's net selling price or value in use, which means the present value of future cash flows expected to arise from the continuing use of the asset and its eventual disposal. An impairment loss for an asset is reversed if, and only if, the reversal can be related objectively to an event occurring after the impairment loss was recognized. The carrying amount of an asset is increased to its revised recoverable amount, provided that this amount does not exceed the carrying amount that would have been determined (net of any accumulated amortization or depreciation) had no impairment loss been recognized for the asset in prior years.

g. Revenue recognition: Services:

The Company recognizes revenue from time and material contracts as services are performed. Revenue from annual maintenance and support engagements is recognized proportionately as services are rendered, which generally results in straight-line revenue recognition as services are performed continuously over the term of the arrangement.

Revenue on fixed price development projects is measured using the percentage of completion method of accounting. Performance is generally measured based upon the efforts incurred to date in relation to the total estimated efforts to the completion of the contract. The Company monitors estimates of total contract revenues and costs on a routine basis throughout the delivery period. The cumulative impact of any change in estimates of the contract revenues or costs is reflected in the period in which the changes become known. In the event that a loss is anticipated on a particular contract, provision is made for the estimated loss.

The Company grants volume discount to certain customers, which are computed based on a pre-determined percentage of the total revenues from those customers during a specified period, as per the terms of the contract. These discounts are earned only after the customer has provided a specified cumulative level of revenues in the specified period. The Company reports revenues net of discounts offered to customers.

Billing in advance of services performed are recorded as "Advance billing to customers and deferred revenue". Unbilled revenue, represents amounts recognized based on services performed in advance of billing in accordance with contract terms.


Revenue from sale of products is recognized when the significant risks and rewards of ownership have transferred to the buyer, continuing managerial involvement usually associated with ownership and effective control have ceased, the amount of revenue can be measured reliably, it is probable that economic benefits associated with the transaction will flow to the Company and the costs incurred or to be incurred in respect of the transaction can be measured reliably.


Interest income is recognized on time proportion basis. Dividend income is recognized when the right to receive the dividend is established by the reporting date. Profit on sale of investments is recorded on transfer of title from the Company and is determined as the difference between the sale price and carrying value of the investment.

h. Foreign exchange transactions:

Foreign-currency denominated monetary assets and liabilities are translated at exchange rates in effect at the Balance Sheet date. The gains or losses resulting from such translations are included in the Statement of profit and loss. On-monetary assets and non-monetary liabilities denominated in a foreign currency and measured at fair value are translated at the exchange rate prevalent at the date when the fair value was determined. Non-monetary assets and non-monetary liabilities denominated in a foreign currency and measured at historical cost are translated at the exchange rate prevalent at the date of transaction.

Revenue, expense and cash-flow items denominated in foreign currencies are translated using the exchange rate in effect on the date of the transaction. Transaction gains or losses realized upon settlement of foreign currency transactions are included in determining net profit for the period in which the transaction is settled.

i. Derivative instruments and hedge accounting:

The Company uses foreign exchange forward contracts to hedge its risk associated with foreign exchange fluctuations relating to certain firm commitments and highly probable forecast transactions. The Company designates these hedge instruments as cash flow hedges.

The use of hedging instruments is governed by the Company's policies approved by the Board of Directors, which provides written principles on the use of such forward contracts consistent with the Company's risk management strategy.

Forward exchange contracts obtained to hedge firm commitments or highly probable forecast revenues are recorded using the principles of hedge accounting as recommended under Accounting Standard 30 ("AS 30") -" Financial Instruments: Recognition and Measurement" issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India. Such forward exchange contracts which qualify for cash flow hedge accounting and where the conditions of AS 30 have been met are initially measured at fair value and are re-measured at subsequent reporting dates. Changes in the fair value of these derivatives that are designated and effective as hedges of the future cash flows are recognized directly under shareholder's funds in the cash flow hedging reserve and the ineffective portion is recognized immediately in the statement of profit and loss.

Changes in the fair value of derivative financial instruments that do not qualify for hedge accounting are recognized in the statement of profit and loss as they arise.

Hedge accounting is discontinued when the hedging instrument expires or is sold or terminated or exercised or no longer qualifies for hedge accounting. Cumulative gain or loss on the hedging instrument recognized in shareholders' funds is transferred to statement of profit and loss when the forecasted transaction occurs. If a hedged transaction is no longer expected to occur, the net cumulative gain or loss recognized in shareholders' funds is transferred to the statement of profit and loss.

j. Employee benefits: Short-term employee benefits:

All employee benefits payable wholly within twelve months of rendering the service are classified as short-term employee benefits. Benefits such as salaries, performance incentives etc., are recognized as an expense at the undiscounted amount in the statement of profit and loss for the period in which the employee renders the related service.

Post employment benefits:

Defined contribution plan:

Provident Fund:

A defined contribution plan is a post employment benefit plan under which an entity pays specified contributions to a separate entity and has no obligation to pay any further amounts. The Company makes specified monthly contributions towards employee provident fund to government administered provident fund scheme which is a defined contribution plan. The Company's contribution is recognized as an expense in the statement of profit and loss during the period in which the employee renders the related service.


The Company has maintained a Group Superannuation Scheme for its senior executives through a Master Policy with the Life Insurance Corporation of India towards which monthly premiums are paid and charged to the statement of profit and loss.

Defined benefit plan:

The Company's gratuity benefit scheme is a defined benefit plan. The gratuity scheme is funded. The Company's net obligation in respect of a defined benefit plan is calculated by estimating the amount of future benefit that employees have earned in return for their service in the current and prior periods; that benefit is discounted to determine its present value. The calculation of the Company's obligation under the plan is performed quarterly by a qualified actuary using the projected unit credit method. The Company has maintained a gratuity cum life assurance scheme through a master policy with the Life Insurance Corporation of India towards which annual premiums as determined by actuarial valuation are paid and recognized as an expense in the statement of profit and loss.

The Company recognizes all actuarial gains and losses arising from defined benefit plans immediately in the statement of profit and loss under "employee benefits expense". When the benefits of a plan are improved, the portion of the increased benefit related to past service by employees is recognized in statement of profit and loss on a straight-line basis over the average period until the benefits become vested. The Company recognizes gains and losses on the curtailment or settlement of a defined benefit plan when the curtailment or settlement occurs.

Compensated absences:

The employee can carry-forward a portion of the unutilized accrued compensated absences and utilize it in future service periods or receive cash on termination of employment. Compensated absences are expected to occur within twelve months after the end of the period and are classified as a short term employee benefit. The Company records an obligation for such compensated absences in the period in which the employee renders the services. The Company accrues for liability in respect of compensated absences for the entire available leave balance standing to the credit of the employees at period end. The leave balance eligible for carry-forward is valued at gross compensation cost and the leave balance subject to encashment are accrued at basic pay.

k. Taxes on income:

Tax expense comprise of current and deferred tax. Current income tax comprises taxes on income from operations in India and in foreign jurisdictions. Income tax payable in India is determined in accordance with the provisions of the Income Tax Act, 1961. Tax expense relating to foreign operations is determined in accordance with tax laws applicable in jurisdictions where such operations are domiciled.

Minimum Alternative Tax (MAT) paid in a year is charged to the statement of profit and loss as current tax. The Company recognizes MAT credit available as an asset only to the extent there is convincing evidence that the Company will pay normal income tax within the specified period. Accordingly, MAT is recognized as an asset in the balance sheet when it is probable that the future economic benefit associated with it will flow to the Company and the asset can be measured reliably.

Deferred tax is recognized on timing differences being the difference between taxable incomes and accounting income that originate in one period and are capable of reversal in one or more subsequent periods. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured using the tax rates and tax laws that have been enacted or substantively enacted at the balance sheet date.

In the event of unabsorbed depreciation and carry forward of losses, deferred tax assets are recognized only to the extent that there is virtual certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available to realize such assets. In other situations, deferred tax assets are recognized only to the extent that there is reasonable certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available to realize these assets.

Advance taxes and provisions for income taxes are presented in the balance sheet after off-setting advance taxes paid and income tax provisions arising in the same tax jurisdiction for each year and where the Company is able to and intends to settle the asset and liability on a net basis. The Company offsets deferred tax assets and deferred tax liabilities if it has a legally enforceable right and these relate to taxes on income levied by the same governing taxation laws.

l. Leases:

Assets taken on lease by the Company in its capacity as lessee, where the Company has substantially all the risks and rewards of ownership are classified as finance lease. Such a lease is capitalized at the inception of the lease at lower of the fair value or the present value of the minimum lease payments and a liability is recognized for an equivalent amount. Each lease rental paid is allocated between the liability and the interest cost so as to obtain a constant periodic rate of interest on the outstanding liability for each year.

Lease arrangements where the risks and rewards incident to ownership of an asset substantially vest with the lesser, are recognized as operating leases. Lease rentals under operating leases are recognized in the statement of profit and loss on straight line basis.

m. Investments:

Trade investments are the investments made to enhance the Company's business interest. Investments are either classified as current or long-term based on Management's intention. Current investments are carried at the lower of cost and fair value of each investment individually. Cost for overseas investments comprises the Indian rupee value of the consideration paid for the investment translated at the exchange rate prevalent at the date of investment. Long term investments are carried at cost less provisions recorded to recognize any decline, other than temporary, in the carrying value of each investment.

n. Cash and cash equivalents:

Cash and cash equivalents comprise cash in hand, balance with banks and term deposits with banks with original maturity up to three months. Other bank balances comprises of term deposit with banks having maturity of more than 3 months but less than 12 months from the balance sheet date. Bank deposits due to mature after 12 months from the reporting date are classified under other non-current assets.

o. Earnings per share:

Basic earnings per share are calculated by dividing the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders (after deducting preference dividends and attributable taxes) by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period. Partly paid equity shares are treated as fraction of an equity share to the extent that they are entitled to participate in dividends relative to a fully paid equity share during the reporting period. The weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period is adjusted for events such as bonus issue, bonus element in right issue, share split and reverse share split (consolidation of shares) that have changed the number of equity shares outstanding, without a corresponding change in resources.

For the purpose of calculating diluted earnings per share, the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders and the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the period are adjusted for the effects of all dilutive potential equity shares.

p. Employee stock option schemes:

Equity settled stock options granted to employees are in accordance with the SEBI (Employee Stock Option Scheme and Employee Stock Purchase Scheme) Guidelines, 1999 and the guidance note on Employees Share Based Payments issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India. The options are generally issued at market price calculated under the said guidelines. The intrinsic value, being the difference, if any, between market price and exercise price is treated as personnel expenses and charged to the statement of profit and loss. The value of the options is treated as a part of employee compensation in the financial statements and is amortized over the vesting period.

q. Warranty obligations:

In respect of products sold and services rendered by the Company, which carry a specified warranty, future costs that will be incurred by the Company in carrying out its obligations are estimated and accounted for on accrual basis.

r. Segment reporting:

As per AS-17 Segment Reporting, if a single financial report contains both consolidated financial statements and the separate financial statement of the parent, segment information need be presented only on the basis of the consolidated financial statements. Accordingly information required to be presented under AS-17 Segment Reporting has been given in the consolidated financial statements.

s. Cash flow statement:

Cash flows are reported using the indirect method, whereby net profits before tax is adjusted for the effects of transactions of a non-cash nature and any deferrals or accruals of past or future cash receipts or payments and items of income or expenses associated with investing or financing cash flows. The cash flows from operating, investing and financing activities of the Company are segregated.

t. Provision and contingent liabilities:

The Company creates a provision when there is a present obligation as a result of a past event that probably requires an outflow of resources and a reliable estimate can be made for the amount of the obligation. A disclosure for a contingent liability is made when there is a possible obligation or a present obligation that may, but probably will not, require an outflow of resources.

Provisions are reviewed at each balance sheet date and adjusted to reflect the current best estimate. If it is no longer probable that an outflow of resources would be required to settle the obligation, the provision is reversed.

Contingent assets are not recognized in the financial statements. However, contingent assets are assessed continually and if it is virtually certain that an inflow of economic benefits will arise, the asset and the related income are recognized in the period in which the change occurs.

Loss contingencies arising from claims, litigation, assessment, fines, penalties, etc. are recorded when it is probable that a liability has been incurred and the amount can be reasonably estimated.

b) rights /terms attached to Equity shares:

The Company has only one class of equity shares having par value of Rs.2 per share. Each share holder is eligible for one vote per share held. The dividend proposed by the Board of Directors is subject to the approval of shareholders in the ensuing general meeting, except in case of interim dividend. In the event of liquidation of the Company, the holders of equity shares will be entitled to receive remaining assets of the Company, after distribution of all preferential amounts. The distribution will be in proportion to the number of equity shares held by the shareholders