Atul Ltd.
You can view the entire text of Notes to accounts of the company for the latest year
ISIN No INE100A01010 52Wk High (Rs.) 3649 BV (Rs.) 756.50 FV (Rs.) 10.00
Bookclosure 20/07/2018 52Wk Low (Rs.) 2552 EPS (Rs.) 93.21 P/E (X) 36.81
Mkt Cap. (Rs. Cr.) 10,177.68 P/BV (X) 4.54 Div Yield (%) 0.35 Mkt Lot 1


1 Pursuant to the order passed by The Honorable High Court of Gujarat, dated November 17, 2008 and April 17, 2009 in case of water charges, the Company has created first charge over its certain land and buildings in favour of Government of Gujarat and paid security deposit Rs, 2 cr (March 31, 2017: Rs, 2 cr).

2 Refer Note 27.12 (b) (ii) for disclosures where the Company is a lessee under a finance lease.

3 Includes premises on ownership basis Rs, 1.10 cr (March 31, 2017: Rs, 1.10 cr) and cost of fully paid share in co-operative society Rs, 2,000 (March 31, 2017: Rs, 2,000).

4 Capital work-in-progress mainly comprises addition | expansion projects in progress.

5 Exchange rate difference capitalized during current year Rs, 0.05 cr (Previous year: Rs, (0.07) cr).

6 Refer Note 1 5 for information on property, plant and equipment hypothecated | mortgaged as security by the Company.

7 Refer Note 27.2 for disclosure of contractual commitment for acquisition of property, plant and equipment.

a) Amount recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss for investment properties:

The Company has classified parcels of freehold land held for a currently undeterminable future use as investment properties. There are no amounts pertaining to these investment properties recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss, since the Company does not receive any rental income, incur any depreciation or other operating expenses.

b) The Company does not have any contractual obligations to purchase, construct or develop, for maintenance or enhancements of investment property.

Estimation of fair value

The Company obtains valuations from independent valuer for its investment properties at least annually. The best evidence of fair value is current prices in an active market for similar properties. Where such information is not available, the valuer considers information from a variety of sources including current prices in an active market for investment properties of different nature or recent prices of similar investment properties in less active markets, adjusted to reflect those differences.

1 Associate company up to November 30, 2016

2 Book value includes equity component of Rs, 18.12 cr (March 31. 2017: Rs, 18.12 cr) recognized on 0% preference shares and loans given to Amal Ltd carried at amortized cost

3 Shares with differential voting rights (DVR) carrying value of Rs, 12,700 (March 31, 2017: Rs, 12,040)

4 Under liquidation

5 Previous year includes Rs, 1 cr due for redemption as on March 31, 2017 * Valued at cost or net realizable value, whichever is lower.

Amounts recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss:

Written-down value of inventories to net realizable value amounted to Rs, 6.85 cr (March 31, 2017: Rs, 6.21 cr). These were recognized as an expense during the year and included in cost of materials consumed, and changes in value of inventories of work-in-progress, stock-in-trade and finished goods in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

a) Rights, preferences and restrictions:

The Company has one class of shares referred to as equity shares having a par value of Rs, 10 each.

i) Equity shares:

I n the event of liquidation of the Company, the holders of equity shares will be entitled to receive any of the remaining assets of the Company, after distribution of all preferential amounts and preference shares, if any. The distribution will be in proportion to the number of equity shares held by the Shareholders.

Each holder of equity shares is entitled to one vote per share.

ii) Dividend:

The Company declares and pays dividend in Indian rupees. The dividend proposed by the Board is subject to the approval of the Shareholders in the ensuing Annual General Meeting.

b) Shares reserved for allotment at a later date:

56 equity shares are held in abeyance due to disputes at the time of earlier rights issues.

Nature and purpose of other reserves

a) Securities premium reserve

Securities premium is used to record the premium on issue of shares. The reserve is utilised in accordance with the provisions of the Companies Act, 2013.

b) FVOCI - equity instruments

The Company has elected to recognise changes in the fair value of certain investments in equity securities in Other Comprehensive Income. These changes are accumulated within the FVOCI equity instruments reserve within equity. The Company transfers amounts from this reserve to retained earnings when the relevant equity securities are de-recognized.

c) Cash flow hedging reserve

The Company uses hedging instruments as part of its management of foreign currency risk associated with its highly probable forecast sale and inventory purchases and interest rate risk associated with variable interest rate borrowings. For hedging foreign currency risk, the Company uses foreign currency forward contracts, foreign currency option contracts and Interest rate swaps. They are designated as cash flow hedges to the extent these hedges are effective, the change in fair value of the hedging instrument is recognized in the cash flow hedging reserve. Amounts recognized in the cash flow hedging reserve is reclassified to profit or loss when the hedged item affects profit or loss (for example, sales and interest payments). When the forecast transaction results in the recognition of a non-financial asset (for example, inventory), the amount recognized in the cash flow hedging reserve is adjusted against the carrying amount of the non-financial asset.

a) Rupee term loan from a foreign financial institution was secured by first pari passu charge by way of hypothecation of all movable property, plant and equipment and mortgage of immovable properties of the Company, present and future, excluding specific assets with first pari passu charge with other lenders and second charge on entire current assets of the Company, both present and future.

b) Foreign currency term loan from a foreign bank was secured by first pari passu charge by way of hypothecation of all movable property, plant and equipment and mortgage of immovable properties of the Company, present and future, excluding specific assets with first pari passu charge and second charge on entire current assets of the Company, both present and future.

c) Foreign currency term loan from a bank was secured by first pari passu charge on the entire movable and immovable property, plant and equipment of the Company, both present and future.

d) Security details:

Working capital loans repayable on demand from banks is secured by hypothecation of tangible current assets, namely, inventories and book debts of the Company as a whole and also secured by second and subservient charge on immovable and movable assets of the Company to the extent of individual bank limit as mentioned in joint consortium documents. This also extends to guarantees and letters of credit given by the bankers aggregating to Rs, 88.30 cr (March 31, 2017: Rs, 83.24 cr).

a) Information about individual provisions and significant estimates

i) Compensated absences:

The Compensated absences cover the liability for sick and earned leave. Out of the total amount disclosed above, the amount of Rs, 6.86 cr (March 31, 2017: Rs, 6.08 cr) is presented as current, since the Company does not have an unconditional right to defer settlement for any of these obligations. However, based on past experience, the Company does not expect all employees to take the full amount of accrued leave or require payment within the next 12 months.

ii) Effluent disposal:

The entity has provided for expenses it estimates to incur for safe disposal of effluent in line with the regulatory framework it operates in. The provision represents the unpaid amount the entity expects to incur for which the obligating event has already arisen as on the reporting date.

a) Defined benefit plans:


The Company operates a gratuity plan through the 'Atul Employees Gratuity Trust'. Every employee is entitled to a benefit equivalent to 15 days salary last drawn for each completed year of service in line with the Payment of Gratuity Act, 1972 or Company scheme, whichever is beneficial. The same is payable at the time of separation from the Company or retirement, whichever is earlier. The benefits vest after 5 years of continuous service.

The above sensitivity analyses are based on a change in an assumption while holding all other assumptions constant. In practice, this is unlikely to occur, and changes in some of the assumptions may be correlated. When calculating the sensitivity of the defined benefit obligation to significant actuarial assumptions the same method (present value of the defined benefit obligation calculated with the projected unit credit method at the end of the reporting period) has been applied while calculating the defined benefit liability recognized in the Balance Sheet.

The methods and types of assumptions used in preparing the sensitivity analysis did not change as compared to the prior year.

Risk exposure

Through its defined benefit plans, the Company is exposed to a number of risks, the most significant of which are detailed below:

i) Asset volatility

The plan liabilities are calculated using a discount rate set with reference to bond yields, if plan assets underperform this yield, this will create a deficit. Most of the plan asset investments are in fixed income securities with high grades and in Government securities. These are subject to interest rate risk. The Company has a Risk Management strategy where the aggregate amount of risk exposure on a portfolio level is maintained at a fixed range. Any deviations from the range are corrected by rebalancing the portfolio. The Company intends to maintain the above investment mix in the continuing years.

ii) Changes in bond yields

A decrease in bond yields will increase plan liabilities, although this will be partially offset by an increase in the value of other bond holdings.

The Company actively monitors how the duration and the expected yield of the investments are matching the expected cash outflows arising from the employee benefit obligations. The Company has not changed the processes used to manage its risks from previous periods. Investments are well diversified, such that the failure of any single investment will not have a material impact on the overall level of assets.

A large portion of assets consists insurance funds, although the Company also invests in corporate bonds and special deposit schemes. The plan asset mix is in compliance with the requirements of the respective local regulations.

Expected contributions to post-employment benefit plans for the year ending March 31, 2019 are Rs, 2.53 cr.

Provident Fund:

The Company has established an Employee Provident Fund Trust administered by the Company to which both the employee and the employer make monthly contribution equal to 12% of basic salary of employee respectively. The Company's contribution to the Provident Fund for all employees is charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss. In case of any liability arising due to short fall between the return from its investments and the administered interest rate, the same is required to be provided for by the Company. The actuary has provided an actuarial valuation and indicated that the interest shortfall liability is ' Nil. The Company has contributed the following amounts towards Provident Fund during the respective period ended:

b) Defined contribution plans:

Provident and other funds:

Amount of Rs, 9.60 cr (March 31, 2017: Rs, 9.36 cr) is recognized as expense and included in Note 24 'Contribution to Provident and other funds'.

Compensated absences:

Amount of Rs, 0.71 cr (March 31, 2017: Rs, 5.99 cr) is recognized as expense and included in Note 24 'Salaries, wages and bonus'.

a) Fair value hierarchy

This section explains the judgments and estimates made in determining the fair values of the financial instruments that are (a) recognized and measured at fair value and (b) measured at amortized cost and for which fair values are disclosed in the Financial Statements. To provide an indication about the reliability of the inputs used in determining fair value, the Company has classified its financial instruments into the 3 levels prescribed under the Accounting Standard. An explanation of each level follows underneath the table:

There were no transfers between any levels during the year.

Level 1: Level 1 hierarchy includes financial instruments measured using quoted prices. This includes listed equity instruments and mutual fund units that have a quoted price. The fair value of all equity instruments which are traded on the Stock Exchanges is valued using the closing price as at the reporting period. The mutual fund units are valued using the closing net assets value.

Level 2: The fair value of financial instruments that are not traded in an active market (for example over-the-counter derivatives) is determined using valuation techniques which maximise the use of observable market data and rely as little as possible on entity-specific estimates. If all significant inputs required to fair value an instrument are observable, the instrument is included in level 2.

Level 3: If one or more of the significant inputs is not based on observable market data, the instrument is included in level 3.

b) Valuation technique used to determine fair value

Specific valuation techniques used to value financial instruments include:

i) the use of quoted market prices or dealer quotes for similar instruments

ii) the fair value of interest rate swaps is calculated as the present value of the estimated future cash flows based on observable yield curves

iii) the fair value of forward foreign exchange contracts are determined using forward exchange rates at the Balance Sheet date

iv) the fair value of foreign currency option contracts is determined using the Black Scholes valuation model

v) the fair value of the remaining financial instruments is determined using discounted cash flow analysis.

All of the resulting fair value estimates are included in level 1 and 2.

c) Valuation processes

The finance department of the Company includes a team that performs the valuations of financial assets and liabilities required for financial reporting purposes, including level 3 fair values.

The carrying amounts of trade receivables, trade payables, other receivables, short-term security deposits, bank deposits with more than 12 months maturity, capital creditors, dividend receivable, other liabilities (including discount payable) and cash and cash equivalents including bank balances other than cash and cash equivalents are considered to be the same as their fair values due to the current and short-term nature of such balances.

The fair values for loans and investment in preference shares were calculated based on cash flows discounted using a current lending rate.

The fair values of non-current borrowings are based on discounted cash flows using a current borrowing rate. They are classified as level 3 fair values in the fair value hierarchy due to the use of unobservable inputs, including own credit risk.

For financial assets and liabilities that are measured at fair value, the carrying amounts are equal to the fair values.

Risk Management is an integral part of the business practices of the Company. The framework of Risk Management concentrates on formalizing a system to deal with the most relevant risks, building on existing Management practices, knowledge and structures. With the help of a reputed international consultancy firm, the Company has developed and implemented a comprehensive Risk Management System to ensure that risks to the continued existence of the Company as a going concern and to its growth are identified and remedied on a timely basis. While defining and developing the formalized Risk Management System, leading standards and practices have been considered. The Risk Management System is relevant to business reality, pragmatic and simple and involves the following:

i) Risk identification and definition: Focused on identifying relevant risks, creating | updating clear definitions to ensure undisputed understanding along with details of the underlying root causes | contributing factors.

ii) Risk classification: Focused on understanding the various impacts of risks and the level of influence on its root causes. This involves identifying various processes generating the root causes and a clear understanding of risk interrelationships.

iii) Risk assessment and prioritization: Focused on determining risk priority and risk ownership for critical risks. This involves assessment of the various impacts taking into consideration risk appetite and existing mitigation controls.

iv) Risk mitigation: Focused on addressing critical risks to restrict their impact(s) to an acceptable level (within the defined risk appetite). This involves a clear definition of actions, responsibilities and milestones.

v) Risk reporting and monitoring: Focused on providing to the Board and the Audit Committee periodic information on risk profile evolution and mitigation plans.

a) Management of liquidity risk

The principal sources of liquidity of the Company are cash and cash equivalents, borrowings and the cash flow that is generated from operations. The Company believes that current cash and cash equivalents, tied up borrowing lines and cash flow that is generated from operations is sufficient to meet requirements. Accordingly, liquidity risk is perceived to be low.

The following table shows the maturity analysis of financial liabilities of the Company based on contractually agreed undiscounted cash flows as at the Balance Sheet date:

b) Management of market risk

The size and operations of the Company exposes it to the following market risks that arise from its use of financial instruments:

i) price risk

ii) interest rate risk

iii) foreign exchange risk

11ncludes hedges for highly probable transactions up to next 12 months

c) Management of credit risk

Credit risk is the risk of financial loss to the Company if a customer or counterparty fails to meet its contractual obligations.

Trade receivables

Concentrations of credit risk with respect to trade receivables are limited, due to the customer base being large, diverse and across sectors and countries. All trade receivables are reviewed and assessed for default on a quarterly basis.

Historical experience of collecting receivables of the Company is supported by low level of past default and hence the credit risk is perceived to be low.

Other financial assets

The Company maintains exposure in cash and cash equivalents, term deposits with banks, investments in Government securities, preference shares and loans to subsidiary companies. The Company has diversified portfolio of investment with various number of counterparties which have secure credit ratings, hence the risk is reduced. Individual risk limits are set for each counterparty based on financial position, credit rating and past experience. Credit limits and concentration of exposures are actively monitored by the treasury department of the Company.

The primary objective of Capital Management of the Company is to maximize Shareholder value. The Company monitors capital using Debt-Equity ratio which is total debt divided by total equity.

For the purpose of Capital Management, the Company considers the following components of its Balance Sheet to manage capital:

Total equity includes General reserve, Retained earnings, Share capital and Security premium. Total debt includes current debt plus non-current debt.

In accordance with Ind AS 108 'Operating Segments', segment information has been given in the Consolidated Financial Statements of Atul Ltd, and therefore no separate disclosure on segment information is given in the Standalone Financial Statements.

a) Operating lease

The Company has taken various residential and office premises under operating lease or leave and license Agreements. These are generally cancellable, having a term between 11 months and 3 years and have no specific obligation for renewal. Payments are recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss under 'Rent' in Note 26.

ii) The Company has taken on lease a parcel of land from Gujarat Industrial Development Corporation for a period of 99 years with an option to extend the lease by another 99 years on expiry of lease at a rental that is 100% higher than the current rental. However, the Company has no specific obligation for renewal. The Company has considered that such a lease of land transfers substantially all of the risks and rewards incidental to ownership of land, and has thus accounted for the same as finance lease.

Note 27.13 Loans

Disclosures pursuant to the Regulation 34(3) read with para A of Schedule V to the SEBI (Listing obligations and disclosure requirements) Regulations, 2015 read with Section 186 (4) of the Companies Act, 2013.

* At amortized cost Notes:

a) Loans given to employees as per the policy of the Company are not considered.

b) The loanees did not hold any shares in the Share capital of the Company.

Note 27.16 Rounding off

Figures less than Rs, 50,000 have been shown at actual in brackets.

Note 27.17 Offsetting financial assets and liabilities

The below Note presents the recognized financial instruments that are offset, or subject to enforceable master netting arrangements and other similar Agreements, but not offset, as at March 31, 2018 and March 31, 2017.

a) Collateral against borrowings

The Company has hypothecated | mortgaged financial instruments as collateral against a number of its borrowings. Refer to Note 15 for further information on financial and non-financial collateral hypothecated | mortgaged as security against borrowings.

b) Master netting arrangements - not currently enforceable

Agreements with derivative counterparties are based on an ISDA Master Agreement. Under the terms of these arrangements, only where certain credit events occur (such as default), the net position owing | receivable to a single counterparty in the same currency will be taken as owing and all the relevant arrangements terminated. As the Company does not presently have a legally enforceable right of set-off, these amounts have not been offset in the Balance Sheet.